The adrenal glands are no longer able to function due to damage to the adrenal cortex by the immune system or are insufficiently controlled by the brain (pituitary gland) and are no longer able to produce cortisol, the functioning can also be reduced by external factors such as the use of medication containing corticosteroids. The adrenal glands can fail completely over time and the patient is dependent on synthetic cortisone replacement medication for life.
Is a vital hormone that is produced in the adrenal glands. Also called the stress hormone because this hormone is released during stress situations (this can also be psychological), it is a supplier of energy for the body to respond to these stress situations (flight or fight response). Cortisol has a circadian rhythm, production is not the same during the day (peak in the morning and fall in the evening).
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